The removal of wisdom teeth, also known as the 3rd molar, is a common procedure but is also necessary if the molar impacts or damages your neighbouring teeth. The wisdom tooth grows at the back of the gums and is usually the last tooth to come through.
The lack of space in the jaw will likely mean the wisdom cannot erupt properly. This can cause your neighbouring teeth to push into an awkward or misaligned position. When this happens, the wisdom tooth is causing an impact. The symptoms of a wisdom tooth include experiencing sensitivity, infection and other dental problems. This means extraction treatment will be required to preserve the health of your mouth.
Removing The Molar – What To Expect
Depending on the complexity of the procedure, the surgeon may choose from three types of anaesthesia.
- Local Anaesthesia – Local anaesthesia is injected inside the gum to numb the feeling. This keeps you awake during tooth extraction but limits any pain experience.
- Sedation Anaesthesia – Sedation anaesthesia involves reducing your consciousness, so you feel no pain and hardly remember any of the procedure. Your gums will be numb from pain and reduce any dental anxiety.
- General Anaesthesia – In certain situations, general anaesthesia will be administered. This means you’ll lose consciousness and have no recollection of the procedure. The surgeon will monitor your response through temperature and breathing checks.
Once the chosen anaesthesia is applied, the surgeon begins the extraction process. The surgeon will always ensure you’re in a comfortable position and relaxed as possible.
The surgeon will press something sharp against the gum tissue to test if you can feel anything. The socket is then expanded to make it easier to reach the molar that needs removing.
The affected area is disinfected before the molar is grasped from side to side using forceps equipment. The surgeon gently rocks the molar until it becomes loose. The molar will eventually dislodge out of its socket, completing the removal procedure.
What Happens After The Procedure?
Immediately after extraction, you will experience some bleeding and swelling in and around the socket. The surgeon will provide you with a soft gauze pad to bite down on to absorb the blood and form a blood clot. The blood clot helps to protect the affected area from any infection.
If the blood clot dislodges due to an oral accident, this can cause dry socket, a painful condition that can slow down recovery. Read here to learn more about dry socket.
Aftercare Steps At Home
Once you return home from extraction treatment, follow these steps for fast recovery:
- Apply a cold compress to the cheek to reduce swelling.
- Rest for at least 3 to 4 days without any physical activity
- Change your diet to a soft-food based diet to keep recovery smooth and comfortable.
- Avoid movement of the jaw and mouth as much as possible
Do you have wisdom teeth that need removing? At Lotus Dental, we are ready and willing to welcome you to our practice and relieve you of your pain. Contact us here now and book an appointment with us.